Accessibility Statement

We are committed to providing a website that is accessible to the widest possible audience. To do so, we are actively working with consultants to update the website by increasing its accessibility and usability by persons who use assistive technologies such as automated tools, keyboard-only navigation, and screen readers.

We are working to have the website conform to the relevant standards of the Section 508 Web Accessibility Standards developed by the United States Access Board, as well as the World Wide Web Consortium's (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.1. These standards and guidelines explain how to make web content more accessible for people with disabilities. We believe that conformance with these standards and guidelines will help make the website more user friendly for all people.

Our efforts are ongoing. While we strive to have the website adhere to these guidelines and standards, it is not always possible to do so in all areas of the website. If, at any time, you have specific questions or concerns about the accessibility of any particular webpage, please contact so that we may be of assistance.

Thank you. We hope you enjoy using our website.

Skip to Main Content

6 Things Your Doctor May Ask You to Do Before Hip or Knee Surgery

Once you’ve made the decision to have surgery, there are still several steps your doctor may ask you to take before the actual procedure. While not all of the following apply to all procedures, your doctor may request the following:

  1. Complete physical examination

    You may need to make an appointment with your primary care or family doctor before surgery. He or she will assess your overall health to be sure you’re physically able to handle your procedure and complete your recovery. If you also have a chronic condition, such as heart disease, you may be required to get the OK of your primary care doctor before surgery.

  2. List of medications and/or supplements you take

    Be sure, if you have not already done so, to tell your surgeon about any prescription or over-the-counter medications you take as well as any supplements. There may be meds you’ll be instructed to stop taking before surgery.

  3. Information about upcoming dental exams

    If you were planning any dental procedures, ask your surgeon about timing, as any bacteria that enter your bloodstream from dental work can increase the (slight) risk of infection after surgery.

  4. Preoperative tests

    In the days immediately before your planned procedure, your surgeon will likely order tests, such as blood tests, an electrocardiogram (EKG) or urine tests.

  5. Quit smoking

    If you’re a smoker, try your best to quit before surgery. Smoking has been shown to increase postoperative complications, such as poor healing of the wound. Even a few weeks of not smoking before your operation can help improve the healing process.

  6. Lose weight
  7. If you’re significantly overweight, your doctor may advise you to try to lose weight before you undergo surgery. Research shows that people with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher have a greater risk of complications. Risks associated with anesthesia also go up for obese patients.

It’s helpful to stay focused on the benefits to your life after the procedure is over. If you’ve been living with chronic or extreme discomfort, imagine what it will be like to gain relief. Recovery time will depend on several factors such as the type of procedure, your physical condition before the procedure and your attitude about the recovery process. Having a strong support network is also helpful for a smoother recovery.

Your doctor will be able to answer questions specific to your situation and type of procedure. There’s no better time than now to take steps to conquer your condition.



Sign Up for Health Tips

Get our advice and upcoming events about weight, pain, heart and more.

Find a Doctor

Need a doctor for your care?