The purpose of screening is early diagnosis and treatment. Screening tests are usually administered to people without current symptoms, but who may be at high risk for certain diseases or conditions.
There are currently no screening tests or screening guidelines for TMD.
Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 4th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby; 2005.
Griffith’s 5-Minute Clinical Consult. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2006.
Okeson, Jeffrey. Clinical Management of Temporomandibular Disorders and Occlusion. 6th ed. St. Louis, MO: Mosby 2007.
Siccoli MM. Facial pain: a clinical differential diagnosis.
Lancet Neurol. 2006;5:257-267.
TMD/TMJ (temporomandibular disorders). American Dental Association website. Available at:
http://www.ada.org/. Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ. American Academy of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
website. Available at:
Accessed September 17, 2008.
TMJ (temporomandibular joint and muscle disorders). National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research website. Available at:
http://www.nidcr.nih.gov/OralHealth/Topics/TMJ/. Updated August 2008. Accessed September 17, 2008.
Last reviewed October 2012 by Peter Lucas, MD
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