MAKOplasty® Hip and Knee

Questions & Answers

What is MAKOplasty® Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA)?

MAKOplasty THA, is a procedure known as total hip replacement that is supported by the RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System. It is indicated for patients who suffer from non-inflammatory or inflammatory degenerative joint disease. RIO Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System, allows surgeons to achieve a new level of precision with the newest techniques in hip replacement surgery.

How may MAKOplasty THA benefit me?
  • Accurate placement of the hip implant can reduce the likelihood of hip dislocation
  • More consistency in leg length
  • Potentially decreasing the need for a shoe lift
  • Decreased risk of the implant and bone abnormally rubbing together – this may improve the life of the implant
How does MAKOplasty THA work?

If your surgeon determines that you are a good candidate for the MAKOplasty procedure, he or she will schedule a computed tomography (CT) scan of your hip one or two weeks prior to your surgery date. Then, a patient-specific 3-D model of your pelvis and femur from the CT scan is created pre-operatively to plan optimal implant placement. During surgery, the RIO guides the surgeon in preparing the hip anatomy and positioning the implants. Real-time data and images allow surgeons to know and control accurate implant placement, which can be difficult to achieve using traditional manual techniques.

Who may be a candidate for MAKOplasty THA?

Only your surgeon can determine if you are a candidate for MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement. A candidate for MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement may experience the following:

  • Pain while putting weight on the affected hip
  • Limping to lessen the weight-bearing pressure on the affected hip
  • Pain that may radiate to the groin, lower back, or down the thigh to the knee
  • Hip pain or stiffness during walking or other impact activities
  • Failure to respond to non-surgical treatments or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication.
How does MAKOplasty THA enhance traditional total hip surgery?

This technology offers the potential for a higher level of patient–specific implant alignment and positioning to accurately reproduce the surgical plan, an aspect not consistently achieved in manual techniques. Accurate alignment and positioning of hip implants are important factors affecting surgical outcomes and the lifespan of implants.

How can MAKOplasty THA surgery benefit patients?

The robotic arm technology enables a new level of accuracy in implant alignment and positioning – that may mean restored mobility and a return to your active lifestyle.

What are the risks with a MAKOplasty THA surgery?

Individual results may vary. There are risks associated with any hip surgical procedure, including MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement. Your doctor can explain these risks and help determine if MAKOplasty Total Hip Replacement is right for you.

What can I expect from my recovery and rehabilitation?

A typical hospital stay for a total hip replacement is determined by your MAKOplasty surgeon. Your surgeon will also determine what physical therapy may be prescribed for you.

What is the lifespan of MAKOplasty THA implants?

All implants have a life expectancy that depends on several factors, including the patient’s weight, activity level, quality of bone, and compliance with his/her physician’s orders. Proper implant alignment and accurate positioning during surgery are also very important factors that can improve the life expectancy of an implant. Through the use of the RIO robotic arm system, implants may be more optimally aligned and positioned.

What is MAKOplasty®  Partial Knee Resurfacing?

MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing is an innovative treatment option for adults living with early to mid-stage osteoarthritis (OA) that has not progressed to all three compartments of the knee. It is powered by the RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System, which allows for consistently reproducible precision in performing partial knee resurfacing.

During the procedure, the diseased portion of the knee is resurfaced, sparing the patient’s healthy bone and surrounding tissue. An implant is then secured in the joint to allow the knee to move smoothly again. MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing can:

  • Facilitate ideal implant positioning to result in a more natural feeling knee following surgery 
  • Result in a more rapid recovery and shorter hospital stay than traditional knee replacement surgery 
  • Be performed on an outpatient basis 
  • Promote a rapid relief from pain and return to daily activities 
As a knee arthroplasty procedure, MAKOplasty® is typically covered by most Medicare-approved and private health insurers.

How may MAKOplasty® benefit me?

The MAKOplasty® Partial Knee Resurfacing procedure is designed to relieve the pain caused by joint degeneration and potentially offers the following benefits:

  • Improved surgical outcomes 
  • Less implant wear and loosening 
  • Joint resurfacing 
  • Bone sparing 
  • Smaller incision 
  • Less scarring 
  • Reduced blood loss 
  • Minimal hospitalization 
  • Rapid recovery

How does MAKOplasty® work?

The RIO® Robotic Arm Interactive Orthopedic System features three dimensional pre-surgical planning.

During surgery, the RIO® provides the surgeon with real-time visual, tactile and auditory feedback to facilitate optimal joint resurfacing and implant positioning. It is this optimal placement that can result in more natural knee motion following surgery.

Individual results may vary. There are risks associated with any knee surgical procedure, including MAKOplasty.® Your physician can explain these risks and help determine if MAKOplasty® is right for you.

Who would be a good candidate for the MAKOplasty® procedure?

Typically, MAKOplasty® patients share the following characteristics:

  • Knee pain with activity, usually on the inner knee and/or under the knee cap 
  • Start up knee pain or stiffness when activities are initiated from a sitting position 
  • Failure to respond to non-surgical treatments or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medication

If I undergo MAKOplasty®, what can I expect?

MAKOplasty® can be performed as either an inpatient procedure or on an outpatient basis depending on what your orthopedic surgeon determines is right for you. Hospital stays average anywhere from one to three days; ambulatory patients return home the same day.

In many cases, patients are permitted to walk soon after surgery, drive a car in the first few weeks, and return to normal daily activities shortly thereafter.

What is the lifespan of a MAKOplasty® implant?

All implants have a life expectancy that depends on several factors including the patient’s weight, activity level, quality of bone stock and compliance with their physician’s orders.

Proper implant alignment and precise positioning during surgery are also very important factors that can improve the life expectancy of an implant. Through the use of RIO®, implants can be optimally aligned and positioned to ensure the longest benefit. RESTORIS® MCK implants enable the treatment of one or two compartments with OA disease. With single compartment disease, a second compartment may be treated in the future if OA spreads. In addition, because very little bone is actually removed during a MAKOplasty® procedure, the implants can be replaced with another procedure such as a total knee replacement, if necessary.

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