According to the American Dental Association (ADA), it is never too early to establish good oral hygiene habits. This will ensure healthy teeth and gums for your child.
Here are some tips for parents from the ADA.
After each feeding, wipe your baby's gums with a clean gauze pad. At birth, your baby already has 20 primary teeth, some of which are almost completely formed in the jaw. Wiping the gums will remove the plaque and bacteria that can harm teeth as they erupt from the gums. Begin brushing with a soft toothbrush when the first tooth erupts.
Never allow your child to fall asleep with a bottle containing milk, formula, fruit juice, or sweetened liquids. This can lead to
tooth decay. Instead, fill a bottle with cool water for your baby.
It is recommended that your child has a dental visit by their first birthday. Be sure to make a call to the dentist after the first tooth erupts. The dentist will check for decay and other possible problems and can show you how to properly clean your child's teeth.
Ensure that your child eats a balanced diet that contains a variety of foods from the five major food groups:
- Grain products
- Protein foods such as meat and beans
- Low fat or fat-free milk, cheese, and yogurt
Provide nutritious snacks, such as cheese, raw vegetables and fruit, or low fat or fat-free plain yogurt. Limit the number of starchy or sugary snacks your child eats. After a snack that contains sugars or starches, the teeth are attacked by acids for 20 minutes or more.
Make sure that your child brushes at least twice a day. Use a fluoride-containing toothpaste that has the
American Dental Association Seal of Acceptance once your child is aged two years. Set a good example by brushing your own teeth at least twice a day.
Teach your child to clean between the teeth daily with floss. A parent should begin using floss on a child's teeth as soon as any two teeth touch.
Take your child to the dentist regularly. Children should know that the dentist is a friendly doctor who will help them take care of their teeth. Be positive and try to make dental visits an enjoyable experience for your child.
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Baby bottle tooth decay. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/b/baby-bottle-tooth-decay. Accessed November 11, 2013.
Douglass JM, Douglass AB, et al. A practical guide to infanto oral health. 2004;70(11):2113-2120.
Fluoride for prevention of dental caries. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated October 14, 2013. Accessed November 11, 2013.
Healthy habits. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/babies-and-kids/healthy-habits. Accessed November 11, 2013.
Nutrition. American Dental Association Mouth Healthy website. Available at: http://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/babies-and-kids/nutrition. Accessed November 11, 2013.
Last reviewed November 2013 by Michael Woods, MD
Please be aware that this information is provided to supplement the care provided by your physician. It is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. CALL YOUR HEALTHCARE PROVIDER IMMEDIATELY IF YOU THINK YOU MAY HAVE A MEDICAL EMERGENCY. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition.
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